The Pacific lowland area runs from the Gulf of Fonseca and the Honduran border, to the Pacific border with Costa Rica. The central feature of this region is Lake Nicaragua, the largest freshwater lake in Central America. The Pacific lowlands region is the most populous part of the country, with over half of the nation’s population. The capital city of Managua is found here, as are Leon, Granada, 40 volcanoes, and the Emerald Coast beach and resort destinations.
The Northern highlands less populated. At elevations between 610 and 1,524 meters (2,000 and 5,000 ft), the highlands enjoy mild temperatures with daily highs of 23.9 to 26.7 °C (75 to 80 °F). This region has a longer, wetter rainy season than the Pacific lowlands, making erosion a problem on its steep slopes. Rugged terrain, poor soils, and low population density characterize the area as a whole. The area has a cooler climate than the Pacific lowlands. About a quarter of the country’s agricultural production occurs in this region, with coffee a major export crop, grown on the higher slopes.
The Caribbean lowlands, a rainforest region, are irrigated by several large rivers and are sparsely populated, with over half the territory of the nation and most of its mineral resources. The Rio Coco, the largest river in Central America, forms the border with Honduras to the north. Lagoons and deltas cover most of the Caribbean coast. Nicaragua’s famed Bosawas Bioshpere Reserve is found in the north Atlantic region. Nicaragua’s tropical east coast is very different from the rest of the country, with constant high temperature and humidity, and English is widely spoken along with the official Spanish.
US. Dollars are accepted in many hotels and restaurants, but change will usually be given in local currency. Credit and Debit cards are widely accepted. ATMs are easily found in major cities, and can be hard to find in rural regions. Other currencies, such as the Euro or Pound, can be difficult to exchange.
Passports are required by all citizens and US, Europeans and most Latin American countries to not need a visa
Airport entrance tax for foreign visitors to Nicaragua is US$10.00. Airport exit tax is US$32.00. Exit tax is now included by most airlines in fare paid at time of ticket purchase, check with your carrier.
Gratuities & Tipping: A 10% service charge is included in most bills at restaurants. Sales tax (IVA) in Nicaragua is mandatory, and is 15%, on all items including hotels.
Local Time: US central standard time with no daylight savings time
Electrical Current: 110 volts with standard American plugs
Why visit Nicaragua:
Official languages: Spanish
Calling Code: 505